An autonomous organisation is one that runs completely on autonomous software applications. An autonomous application is a software system that utilizes autonomy, automation, AI, learning, or feedback. This includes, for example, self-deciding, self-reflection, self-adaptive and self-repairing software systems.
To explain an Autonomous Enterprise in the context of enterprise software.
Descriptive Analytics is like looking into the rear view mirror of a car and driving
Predictive Analytics is like depending on your navigation system for traffic updates
An Autonomous Enterprise is like a self driving car.
AI is more an application of a technology to mimic human behaviour, and not a technology itself.